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- TIL that in Maoiri folklore, in an attempt to give humans immortality, Maui died after turning into a worm and getting bitten in half by the teeth of a goddess' vaginaby /u/PerAsperaAdInfiri on December 6, 2023 at 10:43 am
submitted by /u/PerAsperaAdInfiri to r/todayilearned [link] [comments]
- This Day in Victorian History Thomas Edison enters the offices of Scientific American and turns the crank on his cylinder phonograph, astonishing those present with the recording, "Good morning. How do you do? How do you like the phonograph?" (1877)by /u/TheVetheron on December 6, 2023 at 9:14 am
submitted by /u/TheVetheron to r/RandomVictorianStuff [link] [comments]
- In September 1978, 15-year-old Mary Vincent survived a brutal attack by Lawrence Singleton. He assaulted her, severed her arms, and left her for dead. Despite her ordeal, she crawled three miles to seek help and testified against Singleton in court.by /u/Kevinjohnson021 on December 6, 2023 at 7:18 am
submitted by /u/Kevinjohnson021 to r/TrueCrimeDiscussion [link] [comments]
- This day in 1949 - "the most terrible act of barbarism in the contemporary world" was started - Pitesti Prison Experimentby /u/adyrip1 on December 6, 2023 at 6:01 am
According to writers Ruxandra Cesereanu and Romulus Rusan the process begun in 1949 involved psychological punishment (mainly through humiliation) and physical torture. Initially the director of the prison, Dumitrescu, was not in favor of reeducation; he changed course, however, after Ion Marina, the local representative of the Securitate, applied pressure on him. Marina was closely coordinating with the leadership of the Directorate for Penitentiaries, particularly with Iosif Nemeș, the chief of the Operations Service, and with Tudor Sepeanu, the head of Inspection Services. Detainees, who were subject to regular and severe beatings, were required to engage in torturing each other, with the goal of discouraging past loyalties. Guards would force them to attend scheduled or ad-hoc political instruction sessions, on topics such as dialectical materialism and Joseph Stalin's History of the CPSU(B) Short Course, usually accompanied by random violence and encouraged delation (demascare, lit. "unmasking") for various real or invented misdemeanors. According to a former participant in the "reeducation", on occasion, the director of the prison, Dumitrescu, would personally engage in those beatings. First stage edit Each subject of the experiment was initially thoroughly interrogated, with torture applied as a mean to expose intimate details of his life ("external unmasking"). Hence, they were required to reveal everything they were thought to have hidden from previous interrogations; hoping to escape torture, many prisoners would confess to imaginary misdeeds. Second stage The second phase, "internal unmasking," required the tortured to reveal the names of those who had behaved less brutally or with relative indulgence to them in detention. Third stage Public humiliation was also enforced, usually at the third stage ("public moral unmasking"), inmates were forced to denounce all their personal beliefs, loyalties, and values. Notably, religious inmates had to blaspheme religious symbols and sacred texts. Torture methods edit According to Virgil Ierunca (an anti-communist activist and member of the Presidential Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania), Christian baptism was gruesomely mocked. Guards chanted baptismal rites as buckets of urine and fecal matter were brought to inmates. The inmate's head was pushed into the raw sewage; their head would remain submerged almost to the point of death. The head was then raised, the inmate allowed to breathe, only to have his or her head pushed back into the sewage. Ierunca further states that the prisoners' whole bodies were burned with cigarettes; their buttocks would begin to rot, and their skin fell off as though they suffered from leprosy. Others were forced to swallow spoons of excrement, and when they threw it back up, they were forced to eat their own vomit. The inmates were required to accept the notion that their own family members had various criminal and grotesque features; they were required to author false autobiographies, comprising accounts of deviant behavior. Any prisoner who refused to become a perpetrator or who did not beat a former friend mercilessly was crushed by Țurcanu’s most brutal assistants. In addition to physical violence, inmates subject to "reeducation" were supposed to work for exhausting periods doing humiliating chores – for instance, cleaning the floor with a rag clenched between the teeth. Inmates were malnourished and kept in degrading and unsanitary conditions. submitted by /u/adyrip1 to r/europe [link] [comments]
- TIL that several counties in Michigan have nonsense names. 19th century geographer Henry Schoolcraft invented meaningless "Indian-sounding" place names by combining Latin, Arabic, and Ojibwe sounds.by /u/9tailNate on December 6, 2023 at 5:21 am
submitted by /u/9tailNate to r/todayilearned [link] [comments]
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